Monitor therapy.61, 62, 63, 78, Fenugreek is generally recognized as safe for use both as a spice and as a fiber. Trigonella foenum-graecum. Bleeding may occur. Fenugreek seeds have been used as an oral insulin substitute, and seed extracts have been reported to lower blood glucose levels. No, fenugreek does not boost either free or total testosterone levels according to the scientific evidence at hand. Standardization of seed content has been reported on.4, 5, 6, 7, 8. After 115 days of treatment, cataracts were diagnosed in 25% of fenugreek recipients compared with 100% of diabetic controls.51, The effects of a proprietary fenugreek seed husk extract (FenuSMART) was assessed in symptomatic menopausal women in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial (n = 88). One small clinical study was conducted among patients with type 1 diabetes, and the balance was conducted among healthy participants or those with type 2 diabetes.8, 36 Most studies found a reduction of fasting blood glucose of 30 to 45 mg/dL,8, 43 and some showed a decrease in glycosylated hemoglobin. Fenugreek (also known as Greek Hay and Fenigreek), is an herb that is commonly found growing in the Mediterranean region of the world. The right fenugreek product should have descriptive and transparent supplement facts. The Hindi name in English script is Methi, there are 2 types of fenugreek the seeds and the plant which can be cooked and used like spinach, I buy it dried here in Toronto Canada, I like it fresh but it has small oval leaves and you have to pick them off the stems. Fenugreek seeds have been used in traditional medicine to augment breast milk supply.54, 92 Fenugreek has been shown to stimulate sweat production, offering a possible mechanism of action. The scientific name of Fenugreek is the botanical name or formal name. This is only a brief summary of general information about this product. This information does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. It was a key ingredient in a 19th century patent medicine Lydia Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, which was used for dysmenorrhea and postmenopausal symptoms. Fecal bile acid and cholesterol excretion are increased by fenugreek administration.3 This may be secondary to a reaction between the bile acids and fenugreek-derived saponins causing the formation of micelles too large for the digestive tract to absorb. During roasting, a large proportion of the trigonelline is degraded to nicotinic acid and related pyridines. Common English name: Fenugreek, bird ‘s foot, Fresh Menthi, Greek -clover, Greek Hay, Sicklefruit, Cooper’s Clover Etymology: Fenugreek is derived from foenum- graecum, which in turn gives the scientific name of this plant.Foenum – graecum means ” Greek hay “. Both fenugreek fiber doses significantly lowered patient-rated hunger and calories consumed at the next meal, and the higher dose produced a significant increase in insulin area under the curve. Fenugreek also known as Methi in Hindi, has its botanical name as Trigonella Foenum-Graecum. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this product. Scientific name: Trigonella foenum-graecum. Delayed gastric emptying and inhibition of glucose transport have also been postulated as possible mechanisms, as well as restoration of enzymes involved in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis.8, 34 Hypoglycemic effect appears greatest for fenugreek whole seed powder, with lesser effect for the gum isolate, other seed extracts, and leaves.35, Reports of experiments in animals from the 1980s and 1990s have been published,35, 36 and studies to elucidate the mechanisms of action of fenugreek in diabetes are ongoing.37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, A lack of standardization of products tested and dosages used limits the value of the limited published clinical trials. Fenugreek goes by many names around the world. Animal studies have demonstrated abortifacient effects in females and antifertility effects in males and females; whereas congenital malformations have been observed in humans as well as animals. Additionally, the 2-hour glucose pooled estimate from 7 trials was significant (P < 0.001). In vitro studies have indicated that this amino acid directly stimulates pancreatic beta-cells. The primary inclusion criterion was last menses between 12 months and 3 years; although, the authors noted ambiguously that the last menstrual period in participants of both groups was noted to have occurred before 12 months. Pratia. The scientific name of Fenugreek is the botanical name or formal name. The slightly bitter, spicy taste to the leaves tends to deter varmints and deer. This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. Wide-ranging dosages and differing preparations have been used in clinical studies. Maple syrup urine disease, a disorder of branched-chain amino acid catabolism that results in abnormal accumulations of amino acids and their metabolites, was suspected in a healthy infant born to a mother who ingested a paste prepared from fenugreek seeds early in labor.53 Fenugreek, maple syrup, and the urine of patients with the disease share a characteristic odor originating from the common constituent sotolone. Fenugreek Herb Notes / Side Effects Latin Name. The plant bears grey-green, tripartite, toothed leaves, and white or pale yellow flowers appear in summer and develop into long, slender, sword-shaped seed pods with a curved, beaklike tip. Common effective dosages are around 1000mg. Each of the 8 individual climacteric subscale scores was also significantly improved with the fenugreek extract (P < 0.01). Wide-ranging dosages and differing preparations have been used in clinical studies. Fenugreek has been a part of Siddha and Ayurvedic medicine for a very long time. Animal studies have also demonstrated antifertility effects in both males and females. At the end of the study period, mean total menopausal symptom scores were significantly lower in the extract-treated group (−15.19) compared to placebo (−3.71; P <0.001), as well as compared to baseline. 9. Saponins are quite bitter and can be found in many common foods such as some beans. Common Name of Fenugreek in other languages is an interesting information one should know. turmeric, echinacea, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba. The seeds are rich in protein, and the plant is grown as animal forage. Although poisonous, saponins are poorly absorbed by the human body and so most pass through without harm. Explore Fenugreek Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. There are no clinical data regarding the use of fenugreek as an antioxidant. Although no significant direct cytotoxic effects on the gastric cells or bactericidal effects on H. pylori were found, fenugreek was observed to have mild and moderate inhibitory activity on IL-8 at 50 and 100 mcg/mL, respectively, in H. pylori-infected gastric cells.85, Reduction in cataract incidence was demonstrated in diabetic rats receiving an extract of fenugreek seeds and leaves. Fruits + Chicago Hardy Fig. Historically, Fenugreek was used mostly for therapeutic purposes. Along with the scientific name of Fenugreek, know the scientific names of other plants too. It is likely that both mechanisms contribute to the overall effect. In folk medicine, fenugreek has been used to treat boils, cellulitis, and tuberculosis. The quality of the majority of studies was low with only 3 being scored as high quality.89. Consider therapy modification.56, 57, 58, 59, Salicylates: Herbs (anticoagulant/antiplatelet properties) may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of salicylates. It has also has been recommended for the promotion of lactation. There are many testimonials and positive reviews by women who claim it makes their breast larger, but there’s no scientific validation of these claims. It should also be manufactured by a reliable company that uses GMP certified facilities and have few additional ingredients. Fenugreek is a common ingredient in spice powders in Indian cuisine. Consider therapy modification.56, 57, 58, 59, Anticoagulants: Herbs (anticoagulant/antiplatelet properties) may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of anticoagulants. This in turn reduces the likelihood of these clots blocking tiny blood vessels, or even larger blood vessels which are important to the brain or heart itself. Scientific Name(s): Trigonella foenum-graecum L.Common Name(s): Faenum graecum, Fenugreek, Huluba, Methi, Semen Trigonellae. Another hypothesis attributes the cholesterol-lowering activities to the fiber-rich gum portion of the seed, which reduces the rate of hepatic synthesis of cholesterol. Common Pests of Fenugreek – Problem: Aphids It is not only used in cooking, but also used for medicinal purposes. It is … It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Because of their sweet, maple-syrup like smell and flavor, fenugreek seeds are also added to artificial maple syrup, candies, ice cream, beverages, tobacco, soaps, and cosmetics. Fenugreek is a plant also known as Alholva, Bird's Foot, Bockshornklee, Bockshornsame, Chandrika, Fenogreco, Foenugraeci Semen, Greek Clover, Greek Hay, Greek Hay Seed, Hu Lu Ba, Medhika, Methi, Sénégrain, Trigonella, Woo Lu Bar, and other names. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Fenugreek Thins Blood. Three minor steroidal sapogenins, smilagenin, sarsasapogenin, and yuccagenin, also have been found in the seeds.9, 10 The lactone sotolone is responsible for the plant's characteristic smell. This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this product. Yellow Wild Indigo. Avoid use in pregnancy. it helps a lot. Studies have included T lymphoma cells, squamous cell, breast, pancreatic, and prostate cancer, among others.24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 75. HbA1c was also significantly reduced compared with controls (P = 0.009); however, fasting serum insulin levels were not significantly different. If you want to know what a plant is called in Hindi, Greek, Portuguese or Polish, you are at the right place. This product has not been reviewed by the FDA to determine whether it is safe or effective and is not subject to the quality standards and safety information collection standards that are applicable to most prescription drugs. Avoid if an allergy to any member of the Fabaceae family exists. Fenugreek belongs to the plant family "Fabaceae". With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. Isolation of the biologically active components or production of a more palatable extract, which would allow greater use of the plant, have been investigated.3, Suppression of interleukin production and allergic symptoms were demonstrated in rats pretreated with fenugreek extracts.12, 13, 14 Inhibition of the arachidonic acid pathway was demonstrated in mice,15 and studies in rats with induced arthritis have found positive effects on erythrocyte sedimentation rate, total white blood cells, and C-reactive protein.14, 16, There are very limited clinical data regarding the use of fenugreek as an anti-inflammatory agent. In another study, micturition and dizziness were reported within 24 hours of acute administration of a 40 mg/kg single dose of aqueous leaf extract.90 A trial evaluating the safety of a standardized hydroalcoholic extract of fenugreek seeds at a dosage of 300 mg twice daily over 6 months reported no hematological or biochemical effects, including effects on liver and kidney function tests, over placebo.33 In contrast, animal studies have repeatedly documented histopathological and hematological changes in the liver and kidney.90, Fenugreek should be used with caution in individuals taking thyroid hormones because animal studies suggest that it may alter T3 and T4 levels.66, 67, Allergy to fenugreek is recognized; asthma, rhinitis, sneezing, excessive tearing, bronchospasm, numbness of head, facial angioedema, wheezing, and toxic epidermal necrolysis have been documented in several case reports. This information relates to an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement. A member of the bean family, fenugreek grows as an erect annual with long, slender stems reaching 30 to 60 cm tall. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Other names for the herbal spice include Greek hay, Greek hay seed, bird’s foot, Greek clover, foenugreek, sicklefruit fenugreek, hu lu ba, alholva, … Fenugreek extracts are also used in soaps and cosmetics. Fenugreek actually prevents the aggregation of platelets together, which is the mechanism by which one of the most common blood thinners, aspirin, works as well. Plant tissue cultures from seeds grown under optimal conditions have been found to produce as much as 2% diosgenin with smaller amounts of gitongenin and trigogenin. Fenugreek is a plant that's used as a seasoning in the Middle East, Egypt, and India, but is it a good treatment for diabetes and high cholesterol? Mild and transient GI effects are most commonly reported; hypoglycemia, micturition, dizziness have also been documented within a range of doses and variety of preparations. In healthy and diabetic animals and humans, fenugreek lowers cholesterol, blood triglyceride levels, and blood glucose levels.