Almost 100% of the photos were taken with a digital camera; very few now are scanned slides or prints. It's a great solution to erosion and can be used to stabilize slopes. True sages (Salvia), which are often used for cooking, have a similar aroma, but are members of the mint family. "Identifying and Harvesting Edible and Medicine Plants in the Wild," by Steve Brill. Landscaping with natives on a large or small scale can maintain biodiversity that otherwise would be lost to development. Rocky Mountain Plant Guide - BEST SELLER- This 45-page catalog describes plants that are commonly used in horticultural applications in the Rocky Mountain region. : Kinnikinnick, also known as bear berry, is an important staple in the diet of park wildlife. They establish on point bars, abandoned beaver ponds, and abandoned channels or ox-bows. The berries are feasted upon by small mammals, birds, and even humans. They also resist pest insects and diseases common in that area. Ends of branches can have up to fifty flower heads. Rocky Mountain National Park's varied ecosystems are home to hundreds of wildflower species. In late fall, bears eat the berries and other vegetation to create a blockage in the digestive system. Habitat: Can thrive in montane to alpine slopes in well drained wooded or open areas. Some flowers that have a range of colors will appear in the index for both ends of the range, usually white and blue. All of the photographs were taken by me, unless credited otherwise. Buttercup. What is a Shrub? Cleome serrulata. There are several subspecies of big sagebrush in the western United States. vaseyana. This conserves energy during the winter by stopping photosynthesis. This prevents the bears from defecating during winter hibernation. : Wax Current is one of the most common shrubs in dry, sunny montane forests. Characteristics: A shrub or a short tree often shaped like a pyramid, with an irregular to slightly rounded crown. This conserves energy during the winter by stopping photosynthesis. Characteristics: There are two Junipers in Rocky Mountain National Park, Rocky Mountain juniper Juniperus scopulorum and common juniper Juniperus communis. The sale of photos is used to keep this guide updated and available. Springs and seasonal snow-melt from the high peaks that surround the valleys provide plenty of moisture. Fun Facts: This small plant is an evergreen which means that the leaves are kept throughout the year. Alberta wild rose. The word “shrub” derives from the Arabic word “sharab”, meaning “drink” or “syrup”. As the name suggests, common juniper is fairly common over much of the globe. Terrific as a marinade for pork or chicken. : Chokecherry is one of the most notable shrubs in Rocky Mountain National Park. Cleome serrulata Pursh – Rocky Mountain beeplant. Fun Facts: Although the small cherries produced by this species serve as food for many animals, the seeds and leaves of chokecherries are quite poisonous to many of them. They occur in pairs and have a pale-green to grayish-green hue. The decision on whether to designate the form of a flower as round, long or single was not always easy, even the colors were sometimes difficult; yellow or green, pink or red? Many clusters of yellow flowers bloom April through June. I would like to stress that I am not an authority in flower identification, just a hobbyist who knows how to build websites. Cinqfoil. Habitat: Wax Current is one of the most common shrubs in dry, sunny montane forests. They slow water flow and allow the ground to absorb water and nutrients. Handbook of Rocky Mountain Plants by Ruth Ashton Nelson. Deciduous, vigorous, upright bushy shrub. Rocky Mountain Sumac is not new to the trade but a convincing xeric shrub we’re proud to offer for its attributes of being able to handle very dry conditions, poor alkaline soils and heavy wind. From salsify to pearly everlasting, currants to pine nuts, Foraging the Rocky Mountains guides you to 85 edible wild foods and healthful herbs of the region. Willows have evolved defenses against browsing. See Where the flowers grow for more detail and photographs of the life zones covered in this guide. This plant happily grows on bare cliff faces in Colorado and windswept plains in Wyoming where it may get a few inches of rain a year at best. Rocky Mountain Edible Plant Identification: Wild Wax Currant (Ribes Cereum) Wax Currant, also known as Squaw Currant, is one of the most common edible plants in the Rocky Mountains in late Summer and early Fall. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. For a description and another photo of the flower, the whole plant and distinguishing characteristics, click the flower's image. Mountain Maple is the most northern member of the maple family found in the Rockies. The berries can be toxic to humans if ingested. The leaves are narrow and have three- toothed tips which can resemble a three pronged trident. Leaves are small, obscurely lobed, and have a pine-citrus fragrance. Garden BulbsPlantsFront Yard LandscapingGarden ShrubsTypes Of MulchShrubsSmall Evergreen ShrubsShrubs For LandscapingCypress Mulch. Wax Currants literally blanket the Rockies from as low as the Foothillsto as high as the Montane Zone. "The Rocky Mountain Berry Book," by Bob Krumm. Fall leaves transform into stunning rustic orange and vibrant red. t: Can be found in montane and subalpine forests, dry to moist ranges. Willows can establish from seeds or from willow roots or stems that implant into the ground. The height can be 16 to 49 feet, with a trunk diameter up to 3 feet. : Bears, birds, and many other animals in Rocky Mountain National Park feast and depend on these berries. About the creator I am Marilyn Phillips, a native of England, whose love of nature and the outdoors from childhood brought me by a circuitous route to Crested Butte, Colorado in 1993 and 16 years later to northern New Mexico. Dark purple cones at the top of these trees point up and as with all the firs the cone scales fall apart to release the seeds devoured by animals and birds. United States, AZ, Flagstaff, Arboretum. They provide shade to streams and critical habitat for a large number of terrestrial and aquatic species. Willow growth and height in the park is determined by large ungulate and beaver browsing. Max Height: 30 feet. Each stalk has 5 to 7 alternating leaves, which have short, holly-like spines. I have listed my … These berries can range in taste from tart to sweet, with some even being tasteless. Large 4 lobed deep yellow flowers are borne sparsely from early to mid Spring. Characteristics: Creeping Oregon-grape, also known as holly-grape, is a low lying, evergreen shrub. Plant Name. Habitat: 5500 ft. - 9000 ft. (1650 m. - 2700 m.), in moist montane areas. We have just gotten started with the content of this page, but will be working to make it better and more interesting as time goes on. : This hardy plant is often used as an ornamental shrub. The seeds hold a trace amount of cyanide. Unlike the needle-like leaves of Common Juniper, the leaves of Rocky Mountain juniper are small, waxy, and scale-like. Leaves: 1 to 4 inches with three lobes; coarsely serrated on the edge like the edge of a saw. Common names are from state and federal lists. So if you do not find a flower where you expect it to be, try another group. Height can range from 1 to 4 feet depending on slope, soil saturation, and amount of sunlight. It may be beautiful but it's covered in small thorns. : Kinnikinnick is a low lying shrub reaching a height of 6 inches and a length of 3 to 5 feet. The leaves are small and compound, with fine hairs. Characteristics: Often grows in rounded clumps and can vary in height from 3 to 5 feet. Flowers can appear in more than one group. Large white flowers bloom in late spring. Consider the length of the growing season, soil characteristics and exposure before selecting trees and shrubs for specific sites. Fun Facts: Bears, birds, and many other animals in Rocky Mountain National Park feast and depend on these berries. Please read How to Photograph Wildflowers for Identification for tips. Each stalk has 5 to 7 alternating leaves, which have short, holly-like spines. When there are similar looking flowers in the same family, the most frequently found will be in the group index page, for example, Chiming Bells; when you click on it, you will see five kinds of Chiming Bells. I have found flora in the Gunnison, San Isabel, Santa Fe, Rio Grande, Carson and San Juan National Forests, and also walking to the Post Office. Cascade Mountain-Ash. Characteristics: Willows in the montane ecosystem can reach heights over 10 feet while alpine willows remain near the ground. : Although the small cherries produced by this species serve as food for many animals, the seeds and leaves of chokecherries are quite poisonous to many of them. Fun Facts: This is a small tree that does not have just one main trunk. Has stout shoots and oblong sharply toothed mid green leaves. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The diversity of the terrain yields an incredible variety of plant life from the rugged cacti of the canyons to the tiny forget-me-not of the alpine tundra. On the east side, mountain sagebrush is a little smaller in size ranging from 2 to 3feet in height; while the west side it can reach a maximum height of 5 feet. bee spiderflower. Characteristics: This many-stemmed large shrub can reach a maximum height of 20 to 25 feet. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. This is a thicket forming shrub spreading by rhizomes. They provide food and construction material for beavers and their dams which benefit ecosystem processes. None of the photos have been digitally altered except to crop the original image to a suitable size. In June, tubular pink flowers blossom. This prevents the bears from defecating during winter hibernation. This book comprises fairly technical keys for wildflower identification and includes over 350 black-and-white illustrations. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. This is a deterrent for predators that would prey on these insects. General Plant Information ( Edit) Plant Habit: Shrub. This is a deterrent for predators that would prey on these insects. : This small plant is an evergreen which means that the leaves are kept throughout the year. In fall the leaves turn a spectacular color of dark orange to rich red. The light purple berry-like cones only appear on female plants. 2. Rocky Mountain Maple has the ability to deepen each lope to the point where it separates into multiple leaves, creating a compound leaf from a simple leaf formation. Rocky Mountain Sedge (Carex backii), a Wisconsin Special Concern plant, is found in open dry woods and northern mesic forests, as well as forested seeps and on rock outcrops and muddy shores. This plant has no children. Western Mountain Ash. The photos on the website may be used for personal or academic purposes as long as they are clearly credited to rockymountainsflora.com. Acer glabrum var. The evergreen leaves are small and rounded. Habitat: Chokecherries can be found inhabiting dry open areas to moist river beds. True sages (, This name for this subspecies honors George Richard Vasey, an accomplished field botanist. : Yellow rabbitbrush is one of a few plants that bloom as late as August to October. Mountain big sagebrush is more moisture demanding than the other subspecies and grows at higher elevations. It covers 119 species, with one flower per page. Acer glabrum var. many-stemmed large shrub can reach a maximum height of 20 to 25 feet. Through winter, the Information Office is open 8:00 am–4:30 pm Mon–Fri. More species were found east of the Continental Divide in the rugged canyons and foothills of the Wet Mountains and south in the arid arroyos and mesas, lakes and rivers of northern New Mexico. In June small purple-blue clusters of juicy berries are produced. In the past, rabbitbrush was burned to smoke hides. Search Using Images The home page of this guide presents you with 16 photos, each of which represents a group of flowers sharing similar color or form, for example, blue single flowers, yellow round clusters of flowers, or grasses and trees. Rocky Mountain Juniper. Greene's Mountain Ash. Plants native to a particular area are well adapted to those soil and climatic conditions. During fall and winter the leaves turn from a green to a red-orange. 3. It's the only member of the maple family that can do this. Fun Facts: This hardy plant is often used as an ornamental shrub. To learn more about flower identification, stop by a park visitor center or check with the Rocky Mountain Nature Association for guidebooks.
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