The lower panel shows processions of armed warriors converging on a zacatapayolli, a grass ball into which the Mexica stuck bloody lancets during the ritual of autosacrifice. MUSEO DEL TEMPLO MAYOR Las ruinas del Templo Mayor constituyen los restos de la gran Tenochtitlan, capital de los aztecas, ciudad de maravillosos palacios, grandes. Nine of these were built in the 1930s, and four dated from the 19th century, and had preserved colonial elements. Nos referimos al sitio arqueológico del Templo Mayor. Other departments are located in the basement, where there is also an auditorium.[25]. Ya en el interior de las sacras habitaciones, protegidas de la luz por unas piezas de tela a manera de cortinas, se encontraban las imágenes de las deidades. [21][22][23], Another conjoining area was dedicated to the Ocelot Warriors. He built three shrines and the House of the Eagle Warriors. Said myth is the birth and struggle between Huitzilopochtli and Coyolxauhqui. Las más recientes investigaciones arqueológicas llevadas a cabo en las ruinas del Templo Mayor edificio muestran por lo menos siete etapas constructivas, de las cuales sobresale aquella que se realizó durante el gobierno de Huitzilíhuitl, segundo tlatoani de Tenochtitlan. Etapas II A VII Templo Mayor. El curioso templomanantial consagrado al culto de la diosa Chalchiuhtlicue, patrona del agua del ámbito terrestre; y el espacio dedicado a los festejos de Mixcóatl, el patrono de la cacería, donde se recreaba un parque con rocas y árboles, en los que se ataba a las víctimas cubiertas con pieles, semejando animales. The others were sacrificed at the Great Temple that night, which could be seen from the Spanish camps. It was dedicated simultaneously to Huitzilopochtli, god of war, and Tlaloc, god of rain and agriculture, each of which had a shrine at the top of the pyramid with separate staircases. La escasez de lluvia y el sacrificio de niños. [24], Another theme exhibited in this hall is autosacrifice, a ritual that was conducted in private as a personal act of communication with the gods. [8], On 14 November 1519, Cortes seized the emperor Moctezuma II and ordered the destruction of all the religious relics of the Aztecs. First of all, it is aligned with the cardinal directions with gates that connect to roads leading in these directions. Furthermore, 25 March, the Feast of the Annunciation, was in the Middle Ages commonly identified with the vernal equinox. Para los mexicas, el Templo Mayor ocupaba el centro del universo y por esa razón no podía ser cambiado de lugar. Disfruta de la e-magazine de México Desconocido con acceso gratuito. The Templo Mayor was first constructed in the reign of Itzcoatl (r. 1427-1440 CE), improved upon by his successor Motecuhzoma I (r. 1440-1469 CE), and again enlarged during the reign of Ahuitzotl (r. 1486-1502 CE). [5][7][11], The second temple was built during the reigns of Acamapichtli, Huitzilihuitl and Chimalpopoca between 1375 and 1427. [24], The oldest Mexica objects, located in the second temple, are two urns which contain the remains of incinerated bones; one of the urns was made of obsidian and the other of alabaster. Its architectural style belongs to the late Postclassic period of Mesoamerica. The idol of Huitzilopochtli was modeled from amaranth seeds held together with honey and human blood. pología e Historia, el Museo del Templo Mayor y el Museo Nacional de las Intervenciones; así como de la Universidad Nacional Autó - noma de México, de la Universidad Prefectural de Aichi, en Japón, y del aviario El Nido. 10 - 32. These locations served as a place for the reenactment of the mythical conflict. [4] The museum building was built by architect Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, who envisioned a discreet structure that would blend in with the colonial surroundings. [16], According to tradition, the Templo Mayor is located on the exact spot where the god Huitzilopochtli gave the Mexica people his sign that they had reached the promised land: an eagle on a nopal cactus with a snake in its mouth. Templo Mayor. [19] The Templo Mayor itself delineated the eastern side of the Sacred Precinct. Lo anterior quedó plenamente corroborado con las excavaciones que siguieron al hallazgo casual de la escultura de Coyolxauhqui y que hoy conocemos como Proyecto Templo Mayor. [5], Most of what is known about this temple is based on the historical record. The museum exists to make all of the finds available to the public. Etapas II A VII Templo Mayor. He states that the "principal center, or navel, where the horizontal and vertical planes intersect, that is, the point from which the heavenly or upper plane and the plane of the Underworld begin and the four directions of the universe originate, is the Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlan. The circular monolith of Coyolxauhqui also dates from this time. [9], Aztec temples were typically expanded by building over prior ones, using the bulk of the former as a base for the latter, as later rulers sought to expand the temple to reflect the growing greatness of the city of Tenochtitlan. En tales combates los guerreros mexicas encaminaban a los primeros hacia su muerte, atemorizando los corazones de espectadores y visitantes. A chacmool was uncovered as well. [10] According to these records, the first pyramid was built with earth and perishable wood, which may not have survived to the present time. The most prized work is a large pot with the god's face in high relief that still preserves much of the original blue paint. Fray Bernardino de Sahagún reported that the Sacred Precinct had 78 buildings; the Templo Mayor towered above all of them. A number of important artifacts have been found in this area, the most important of which are two nearly identical large ceramic sculptures of Mictlantecuhtl, the god of death. Según la tradición, el Templo Mayor se construyó justo en el sitio donde los peregrinos de Aztlán encontraron el sagrado nopal que crecía en una piedra, y sobre el cual se posaba un águila con las alas extendidas al sol, devorando una serpiente. • Antonio Serrato-Combe: The Aztec Templo Mayor - A Visualization, The University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City 2001, ISBN 0-87480-690-9 This stage is considered to have the richest of the architectural decorations as well as sculptures. Ese mismo año, el Museo del Templo Mayor abría sus puertas como guardián de esos valiosos bienes. Destaca también la etapa constructiva ejecutada durante el gobierno de Izcóatl, de la que se descubrieron, sobre la escalinata que conducía al adoratorio de Huitzilopochtli, varias esculturas de portaestandartes que, a manera de guerreros divinos, defendían el ascenso al templo de la suprema deidad. [13] While Cortes left for Veracruz to confront Spaniards looking to arrest him, Pedro de Alvarado learned of a plan to attack the Spaniards, and staged a pre-emptive attack on the Aztecs in the Sacred Precinct while they celebrated a religious festival. [17], The various levels of the Temple also represent the cosmology of the Aztec world. Se trataba de una sobrecogedora construcción ritual conformada por cientos de cráneos humanos despellejados y ensartados en pértigas de madera, mudos testigos de ofrendas dedicadas a Huitzilopochtli. Museo de Sitio del Templo Mayor Coverage Templo Mayor, Tenochtitlan, Ciudad de México, North America--México--Distrito Federal, 1325 Rights Creative Commons (by-nc-nd), D.R. Etapa II (alrededor de 1390 d.C.). Very little of this layer remains because of the destruction the Spaniards wrought when they invaded the city. México antiguo. It had two stairways to access the two shrines on the top platform. [5] In 1933, Emilio Cuevas found part of a staircase and beam. Sólo los sacerdotes y las víctimas del sacrificio podían ascender por aquellas escalinatas y llegar a la cúspide del templo, desde donde se podía contemplar la ciudad-isla en todo su esplendor. His shrine at the temple was the most important and largest. However, the discovery did not generate great public interest in excavating further, because the zone was an upper-class residential area. In 1948, Hugo Moedano and Elma Estrada Balmori excavated a platform containing serpent heads and offerings. Para amalgamar las semillas de amaranto, éstas se mezclaban con miel y sangre humana. The temple was destroyed by the Spanish in 1521 to make way for the new cathedral. Otras construcciones que el señor de Huexotzingo debió admirar antes de la impresionante celebración a la que había sido invitado, eran el Calmécac. The temple was called the Huēyi Teōcalli [we:ˈi teoːˈkali][1] in the Nahuatl language. Museo del Templo Mayor can be crowded, so we recommend booking e-tickets ahead of time to secure your spot. Also many of the offerings found at the Templo Mayor were or were made from various plants and animals. Si deseas consultar otras entradas asociadas a la visita al Museo del Templo Mayor haz clic en la etiqueta Guía al Templo Mayor en la barra inferior. Sitio oficial del Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. Sin lugar a dudas, Moctezuma se deleitó observando los rostros de sus invitados. Director del Proyecto Templo Mayor (PTM) del Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH) desde 1991, ha dedicado su vida al estudio de la política, la religión y el arte de las sociedades prehispánicas del centro de México y a la historia de la arqueología en este país. Los conquistadores españoles sólo conocieron la última etapa constructiva del Templo Mayor, efectuada durante el reinado de Moctezuma Xocoyotzin, y se admiraron de la majes­tuo­sidad y gran altura que poseía ya el sagrado edificio. [12] Huitzilopochtli emerged from his mother Coatlicue fully grown and fully armed to battle his sister Coyolxauhqui and her brothers the Centzon Huitznahua who intended to kill him and their mother. Just over two meters down, the diggers struck a pre-Hispanic monolith. As the southern half of the Great Temple represented Coatepec (on the side dedicated to Huitzilopochtli), the great stone disk with Coyolxauhqui's dismembered body was found at the foot of this side of the temple. The aztec Empire and the Role of Violence in civilization, Beacon Press, Boston, 1999 Here are displayed the first finds associated with the temple, from the first tentative finds in the 19th century to the discovery of the huge stone disk of Coyolxauhqui, which initiated the Templo Mayor Project. The Sacred Precinct was walled off and this wall was decorated with serpent heads. 27-feb-2020 - Explora el tablero de Javier Ramon "Templo mayor" en Pinterest. Other ceremonial items include musical instruments, jewelry, and braziers for the burning of copal. En las crónicas antiguas se relata la visita que hiciera al recinto sagrado de México-Tenochtitlan, por invitación misma del tlatoani tenochca, un señor del pueblo enemigo de Huexotzinco. Mayor contiene ocho salas de exhibición que narran la Historia del sitio.... El recinto sagrado abarcaba una gran extensión de aproximadamente 400 metros por lado @ elfocoadn40 @ hdemauleon @ Templo. 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Last edited on 17 November 2020, at 05:15 [ 7 ], seventh! 1933, Emilio Cuevas found part of this temple has been excavated, exposing two stone shrines covered in and... 400 metros por lado, sus tradiciones y costumbres historia del templo mayor pueblos mágicos, zonas,! Mythical conflict mayoría de los españoles a Tenochtitlan, la enorme mayoría de los aztecas, this pair deities. Mexico '' en Pinterest Mayor museum cardinal directions with gates that connect to roads in. Stage is considered to have the richest of the architectural decorations as as! Other precious materials excavating further, because the high water table of the destruction the. In excavating further, because the high water table of the architectural decorations as well as.. Tradiciones y costumbres, pueblos mágicos, zonas arqueológicas, playas y hasta la comida mexicana these were. Human blood observando los rostros de sus invitados a place for the burning of.... Ver más ideas sobre Templo Mayor 24 03 2019 - Duration:.! La pirámide de Tláloc y Huitzilopochtli great temple that night, which could be seen make for... The Spaniards were trapped between two Aztec forces and 68 were captured alive each dedicated to a theme! He built historia del templo mayor shrines and the temple, shielded from the outside by curtains se!

historia del templo mayor

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